PDA

View Full Version : Revised CRG: Buffalo, Wildcat, Hellcat



neural_dream
09-13-2005, 07:43 PM
This is the 13th post in a series of topics on the Revised Cockpit Reference Guide that i am working on. It will contain all planes this time blah blah blah ...
The point is that i need your tips, suggestions and corrections for the easy-to-print aircraft guide that i am working on. To get an idea of what that is you may want to download the old version (check my sig).
---------------------------------------------
---------------------------------------------
B-239 (Finnish modification of the Brewster F2A-1 "Buffalo" (`39)
By the early months of 1939 it was already obvious that a new war was imminent in Europe. So, several European countries turned among others to the United States for additional combat aircraft. The Finns bought 44 F2A-1
"Buffalos" from the US Navy (including the prototype!), but to their surprise all US Navy "property" had been removed (guns, sights, instruments, carrier equipment etc.) before delivery. The Finnish modified version of the
F2A-1 was designated B-239 and had several changes and improvements, including different engine (refurbished 950HP Wright R-1820 G-5 engines taken from DC-3 airliners), pilot seat armour and a conventional gunsight instead of the telescopic sight of the original F2A-1. Thanks to these changes the B-239 was a whole new plane and delightful to fly according to the Finnish pilots. The B-239s came too late to participate in the Winter War of 1939, but they thrived during the Continuation War of 1941-44. One specific B-239, the BW-393 is probably the aircraft with the most air victories in the history of air warfare, 41 (28 of which by Finnish Ace Hans Wind).
Maximum speed: 425km/h at sea level and 480km/h at 4700m. Service Ceiling: 9900m.
Tips:
¦ The B-239 has strong torque and needs constant trimming.
¦ Switch supercharger speed at around 3000m and generally avoid high altitudes (>5000m).
¦ Unless you climb extremely high you do not need to lean the fuel mixture.
¦ The B-239 starts disintegrating at around 800km/h.
Armament:
B-239: fuselage - 2x12.7mm Browning .50 (250rpg/22sec), wings - 2x12.7mm Browning .50 (250rpg/22sec).
----------------------------------------------
Brewster F2A-2 "Buffalo" (`40)
The F2A-2 Buffalo was an upgraded version of the F2A-1 with a 1200HP R-1820-G40 engine and a 10-foot 3-inch cuffed Curtiss electric propeller among the several changes. The result was a much heavier plane which had worse climb rate than its predecessor despite the much more powerful engine. Although better it many respects (manoeuvrability, cockpit visibility, speed) the Buffalos were so slowly delivered by Brewster that they were quickly rejected by the US Navy in favour of the Wildcats. The later version, the F2A-3, like the British Buffalo Mk1, was overloaded with all sorts of extra equipment and had poor performance. <span class="ev_code_RED"> [corrected]</span>
Maximum speed: 465km/h at sea level and 550km/h at 5000m. Service Ceiling: 10300m.
Tips:
¦ The Buffalo has very strong torque and needs constant trimming.
¦ To use the telescopic gunsight of the Buffalo switch to "gunsight view" (default: shift+f1).
¦ The F2A-2 starts disintegrating at about 750km/h.
Armament:
F2A-2: fuselage - 2x12.7mm Browning .50 (250rpg/22sec), wings - 2x12.7mm Browning .50 (250rpg/22sec).
Buffalo Mk1: fuselage - 2x12.7mm Browning .50 (500rpg/44sec), wings - 2x12.7mm Browning .50 (500rpg/44sec). <span class="ev_code_YELLOW"> [added]</span>
---------------------------------------------
Grumman F4F-3,4,FM-2 "Wildcat" (`41-`43)
The F4F-3 Wildcat was generally inferior to the Zero, but it was all the Americans had against the Japanese during the early stages of the Pacific War. The F4F-4 had a few improvements, including folding wings, two more guns and self-sealing fuel tanks. When Grumman started concentrating towards their new aircraft, the Hellcat, General Motors took over the Wildcat production (designated as FM-1) and later created an improved version, the FM-2.
Maximum speed (F4F/FM-2): 460/470km/h at sea level and 520/530km/h at 5750m.
Service Ceiling: 11000m/10500m.
Tips:
¦ The Wildcats do not have automatically retractable gears. You need to press "raise/lower gear manually"
as indicated by the landing gear position indicator (26).
¦ Consider changing the supercharger speed to stage 2 at around 8200ft and stage 3 at around 19000ft.
¦ Consider using 120% fuel mixture for take-off and landing, but switch back to 100% over 400m.
¦ The Wildcats disintegrate at about 830km/h.
¦ The Wildcats are quite sturdy and can withstand some damage. This is probably their only advantage over their principal opponents, the Japanese Navy's Zeros.
Armament:
F4F-3: wings - 4x12.7mm Browning .50 (430rpg/37sec).
F4F-4: wings - 6x12.7mm Browning .50 (240rpg/20sec).
FM-2: wings - 4x12.7mm Browning .50 (430rpg/37sec).
---------------------------------------------
Grumman F6F-3late,5 "Hellcat" (`43,`44)
The Grumman Hellcat was the successor of the Wildcat, a much bigger aircraft with several improvements, including wider and automatically retractable undercarriage, more powerful engine, improved cockpit armour, and more ammunition. It excelled against the Japanese Zero and played a prominent role in all US naval
operations. Total Hellcat production was more than 12000 units from 1943 to 1945.
Maximum speed: 515km/h at sea level and 612km/h at 7100m. Service Ceiling: 11400m.
Tips:
¦ Consider changing the supercharger speed to stage 2 at around 8200ft and stage 3 at around 19000ft.
¦ The Hellcats start disintegrating over 820km/h.
Armament:
F6F: wings - 6x12.7mm Browning .50 (outer four 270rpg/23sec, inner two 400rpg/34sec)
-----------------------------------------------

neural_dream
09-13-2005, 07:43 PM
This is the 13th post in a series of topics on the Revised Cockpit Reference Guide that i am working on. It will contain all planes this time blah blah blah ...
The point is that i need your tips, suggestions and corrections for the easy-to-print aircraft guide that i am working on. To get an idea of what that is you may want to download the old version (check my sig).
---------------------------------------------
---------------------------------------------
B-239 (Finnish modification of the Brewster F2A-1 "Buffalo" (`39)
By the early months of 1939 it was already obvious that a new war was imminent in Europe. So, several European countries turned among others to the United States for additional combat aircraft. The Finns bought 44 F2A-1
"Buffalos" from the US Navy (including the prototype!), but to their surprise all US Navy "property" had been removed (guns, sights, instruments, carrier equipment etc.) before delivery. The Finnish modified version of the
F2A-1 was designated B-239 and had several changes and improvements, including different engine (refurbished 950HP Wright R-1820 G-5 engines taken from DC-3 airliners), pilot seat armour and a conventional gunsight instead of the telescopic sight of the original F2A-1. Thanks to these changes the B-239 was a whole new plane and delightful to fly according to the Finnish pilots. The B-239s came too late to participate in the Winter War of 1939, but they thrived during the Continuation War of 1941-44. One specific B-239, the BW-393 is probably the aircraft with the most air victories in the history of air warfare, 41 (28 of which by Finnish Ace Hans Wind).
Maximum speed: 425km/h at sea level and 480km/h at 4700m. Service Ceiling: 9900m.
Tips:
¦ The B-239 has strong torque and needs constant trimming.
¦ Switch supercharger speed at around 3000m and generally avoid high altitudes (&gt;5000m).
¦ Unless you climb extremely high you do not need to lean the fuel mixture.
¦ The B-239 starts disintegrating at around 800km/h.
Armament:
B-239: fuselage - 2x12.7mm Browning .50 (250rpg/22sec), wings - 2x12.7mm Browning .50 (250rpg/22sec).
----------------------------------------------
Brewster F2A-2 "Buffalo" (`40)
The F2A-2 Buffalo was an upgraded version of the F2A-1 with a 1200HP R-1820-G40 engine and a 10-foot 3-inch cuffed Curtiss electric propeller among the several changes. The result was a much heavier plane which had worse climb rate than its predecessor despite the much more powerful engine. Although better it many respects (manoeuvrability, cockpit visibility, speed) the Buffalos were so slowly delivered by Brewster that they were quickly rejected by the US Navy in favour of the Wildcats. The later version, the F2A-3, like the British Buffalo Mk1, was overloaded with all sorts of extra equipment and had poor performance. <span class="ev_code_RED"> [corrected]</span>
Maximum speed: 465km/h at sea level and 550km/h at 5000m. Service Ceiling: 10300m.
Tips:
¦ The Buffalo has very strong torque and needs constant trimming.
¦ To use the telescopic gunsight of the Buffalo switch to "gunsight view" (default: shift+f1).
¦ The F2A-2 starts disintegrating at about 750km/h.
Armament:
F2A-2: fuselage - 2x12.7mm Browning .50 (250rpg/22sec), wings - 2x12.7mm Browning .50 (250rpg/22sec).
Buffalo Mk1: fuselage - 2x12.7mm Browning .50 (500rpg/44sec), wings - 2x12.7mm Browning .50 (500rpg/44sec). <span class="ev_code_YELLOW"> [added]</span>
---------------------------------------------
Grumman F4F-3,4,FM-2 "Wildcat" (`41-`43)
The F4F-3 Wildcat was generally inferior to the Zero, but it was all the Americans had against the Japanese during the early stages of the Pacific War. The F4F-4 had a few improvements, including folding wings, two more guns and self-sealing fuel tanks. When Grumman started concentrating towards their new aircraft, the Hellcat, General Motors took over the Wildcat production (designated as FM-1) and later created an improved version, the FM-2.
Maximum speed (F4F/FM-2): 460/470km/h at sea level and 520/530km/h at 5750m.
Service Ceiling: 11000m/10500m.
Tips:
¦ The Wildcats do not have automatically retractable gears. You need to press "raise/lower gear manually"
as indicated by the landing gear position indicator (26).
¦ Consider changing the supercharger speed to stage 2 at around 8200ft and stage 3 at around 19000ft.
¦ Consider using 120% fuel mixture for take-off and landing, but switch back to 100% over 400m.
¦ The Wildcats disintegrate at about 830km/h.
¦ The Wildcats are quite sturdy and can withstand some damage. This is probably their only advantage over their principal opponents, the Japanese Navy's Zeros.
Armament:
F4F-3: wings - 4x12.7mm Browning .50 (430rpg/37sec).
F4F-4: wings - 6x12.7mm Browning .50 (240rpg/20sec).
FM-2: wings - 4x12.7mm Browning .50 (430rpg/37sec).
---------------------------------------------
Grumman F6F-3late,5 "Hellcat" (`43,`44)
The Grumman Hellcat was the successor of the Wildcat, a much bigger aircraft with several improvements, including wider and automatically retractable undercarriage, more powerful engine, improved cockpit armour, and more ammunition. It excelled against the Japanese Zero and played a prominent role in all US naval
operations. Total Hellcat production was more than 12000 units from 1943 to 1945.
Maximum speed: 515km/h at sea level and 612km/h at 7100m. Service Ceiling: 11400m.
Tips:
¦ Consider changing the supercharger speed to stage 2 at around 8200ft and stage 3 at around 19000ft.
¦ The Hellcats start disintegrating over 820km/h.
Armament:
F6F: wings - 6x12.7mm Browning .50 (outer four 270rpg/23sec, inner two 400rpg/34sec)
-----------------------------------------------

neural_dream
09-13-2005, 07:45 PM
The previous posts:

12. Sturmovik: http://forums.ubi.com/eve/forums/a/tpc/f/26310365/m/8461065653
11. Beaufighter: http://forums.ubi.com/eve/forums/a/tpc/f/26310365/m/8461022653
10. Me262,163,He162,Go229: http://forums.ubi.com/eve/forums/a/tpc/f/26310365/m/5111042653
9. P11c, IAR80,81: http://forums.ubi.com/eve/forums?a=tpc&s=400102&f=2...801042653 (http://forums.ubi.com/eve/forums?a=tpc&amp;s=400102&amp;f=2...801042653)
8. P40, P39, P63: http://forums.ubi.com/eve/forums/a/tpc/f/26310365/m...341014153
7. Bf109, Bf110: http://forums.ubi.com/eve/forums/a/tpc/f/26310365/m/5031062053
6. Ki84, Ki100: http://forums.ubi.com/eve/forums/a/tpc/f/26310365/m/9451054943
5. I16, I153, I185: http://forums.ubi.com/eve/forums/a/tpc/f/26310365/m/2921071943
4. Stukas,He111: http://forums.ubi.com/eve/forums/a/tpc/f/26310365/m/3011097843
3. La5,La7: http://forums.ubi.com/eve/forums/a/tpc/f/26310365/m/9311023843
2. CR42,G50: http://forums.ubi.com/eve/forums/a/tpc/f/26310365/m/5971000843
1. Ki43,61: http://forums.ubi.com/eve/forums/a/tpc/f/26310365/m/7311047743

GerritJ9
09-14-2005, 05:27 AM
The selection of the F4F over the F2A had more to do with Brewster's hopelessly inefficient production line and thus low delivery rate than with so-called inferiority of the Buff. In many ways the Buff in F2A-2 form was superior to the F4F- better rearward vision, more manoeuverable, higher top speed, wider-track undercarriage making it more suitable for deck landings for instance. But the USN and USMC required vast numbers of fighters, and Brewster simply couldn't deliver while Grumman could. It should also be noted that several experienced USMC pilots would have preferred the F2A-2 to the F4F-3 at Guadalcanal (NOTE: NOT the F2A-3, which was, like the British Buffalo Mk. 1, overloaded with all sorts of extra equipment and had poor performance).

neural_dream
09-14-2005, 06:38 AM
You are right, i need to correct that part. I leave the impression that the buffalo was inferior which it wasn't. thanks m8.

IDF_Raam
09-14-2005, 08:31 AM
I suggest, if possible, to take the "print screen" pictures of the cockpit with cockpit lights on.
It makes it easier to see the gauges.

neural_dream
09-14-2005, 08:57 AM
That's a very good idea Raam. In this revised guide i change the brightness/contrast of the screenshots with photoshop to make them easier to print, but your idea is certainly worth checking. I'll see how much that will improve things for printing and decide. cheers. http://forums.ubi.com/images/smilies/25.gif