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View Full Version : Hard Surfaced runways in Russia, WW 2



Mehring1917
02-24-2011, 03:27 PM
Anyone know to what extent the belligerents used hard surfaced runways in Russia during the course of WW2? The IL2 maps depict them but pre-war evidence I've seen suggests they didn't exist. Were they built during the war or are they a supposition based upon modern normality?

WTE_Galway
02-24-2011, 04:19 PM
Originally posted by Mehring1917:
Anyone know to what extent the belligerents used hard surfaced runways in Russia during the course of WW2? The IL2 maps depict them but pre-war evidence I've seen suggests they didn't exist. Were they built during the war or are they a supposition based upon modern normality?

Soviet precast un-reinforced hexagonal concrete slabs for temporary airfield construction were first developed in the very early 1930's.

http://www.airporttech.tc.faa....nikov%26Rollings.pdf (http://www.airporttech.tc.faa.gov/NAPTF/att07/2007/Papers/P07049%20Sapozhnikov%26Rollings.pdf)

Mehring1917
02-24-2011, 04:59 PM
Thanks for that, very useful. Any idea how many there were and where, by 1941, particularly in the invasion area?

Mehring1917
02-24-2011, 05:44 PM
...also, are you sure the actual runways were concrete, as in IL2 maps, or just the parking areas?

Treetop64
02-24-2011, 10:39 PM
They were prefab concrete slabs specifically for use on airfields; for runways, ramps, and the floors to the bathrooms. Very handy for quick repairs after bombing damage as you could remove damaged areas and "plug" in new segments, almost like Legos.

RSS-Martin
02-24-2011, 11:34 PM
Well just imagine the problems a heavy Pe8 bomber would have with a full bomb load taking off from a grass airfield. Fighters is a differant cup of tea, but for heavy bombers I would assume very much that they used something a little more solid than grass fields for runways, as a rut, or holes in the field could have disasterous consequences.

Mehring1917
02-25-2011, 08:04 AM
Ok, thanks. Elsewhere I've been given references to hard runways at Vnukovo, Fili, Tushino, Khimki, and Moscow Central. Does anyone know of any others? Were more constructed during the course of the war? If so, was that construction influenced by weather conditions?