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View Full Version : Who knows what type of propellant was used in V1 and V2 rockets?



GreyBeast
09-20-2004, 08:17 AM
Hi everybody!

I was recently asked if I knew what fuel they used to propel both the V1 and V2 rockets. I had no clue, but I thought I might ask around these forums, maybe one of you knows. Thanks in advance for your information.

GreyBeast
09-20-2004, 08:17 AM
Hi everybody!

I was recently asked if I knew what fuel they used to propel both the V1 and V2 rockets. I had no clue, but I thought I might ask around these forums, maybe one of you knows. Thanks in advance for your information.

NegativeGee
09-20-2004, 08:44 AM
V-1: as far as I recall, it could run of "normal" gasoline- one of the handy things about the weapon from a strategic materials point of view.

V-2: "It was propelled by an alcohol (a mixture of 75% ethyl alcohol and 25% water), and liquid oxygen fuel."

From (excellent site!):

V2rocket.com (http://www.v2rocket.com/start/start.html)

"As weaponry, both were good, but in far different ways from each other. In a nutshell, I describe it this way: if the FW 190 was a sabre, the 109 was a florett, or foil, like that used in the precision art of fencing." - G√ľnther Rall

http://www.invoman.com/images/tali_with_hands.jpg

Look Noobie, we already told you, we don't have the Patch!

Tully__
09-20-2004, 08:44 AM
The V1 used gasoline (being a pulse jet, it'd probably run on any low flash point flammible liquid).

The V2 used an ethanol/water mix for fuel and liquid oxygen for oxident.

Google is good, make it your friend too http://ubbxforums.ubi.com/infopop/emoticons/icon_wink.gif

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Salut
Tully

BinaryFalcon
09-20-2004, 08:45 AM
Alcohol/Water mix and Liquid Oxygen for the V2. Apparently the V1 ran on standard 80 octane gasoline, the same stuff they used in their trucks.

Edit: Beaten twice.

ElektroFredrik
09-20-2004, 08:46 AM
This is all IIRC, so please use a grain of salt:

V2 used liquid oxygen and and some alcohol(ethyl alcohol?)
V1 probably used something rather similar to
ordinary aviative fuel, since it is more of a
primitive cruise missile than a rocket.

Hope that helps http://ubbxforums.ubi.com/images/smiley/16x16_smiley-happy.gif

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Chuck_Older
09-20-2004, 10:20 AM
I have an absurd urge to say gas and liquid oxygen, just because I'm so late in commenting

http://img.photobucket.com/albums/v441/Chuck_Older/clarkchampion.jpg
Flower of Scotland, when will we see your like again?

RocketRobin__
09-20-2004, 10:13 PM
The V2 used T-stoff and Z-stoff as propellants.
The propellants were forced into the rocket engine using compressed air (stored in a spherical tank), eliminating the need for fuel pumps that cannot survive a caustic environment.
Since T-stoff and Z-stoff promote spontaneous combustion, there was no need for an ignition system.
T-stoff = ethanol.
Z-stoff = hydrogen peroxide.

Rocket

'Tis better to run away and live to fight another day. However, all things considered, it's best to shoot him in the back when he's not looking.

RocketRobin__
09-20-2004, 10:18 PM
http://www.canadianarrow.com/propulsion.htm

'Tis better to run away and live to fight another day. However, all things considered, it's best to shoot him in the back when he's not looking.

Tully__
09-20-2004, 10:43 PM
<BLOCKQUOTE class="ip-ubbcode-quote"><font size="-1">quote:</font><HR>Originally posted by RocketRobin__:
http://www.canadianarrow.com/propulsion.htm

<HR></BLOCKQUOTE>



From http://www.fact-index.com/v/v_/v_2_rocket.html

<BLOCKQUOTE class="ip-ubbcode-quote"><font size="-1">quote:</font><HR>Technical Details

The V-2 had an operational range of about 300 km (200 miles) carrying a 1000 kg (2000 lb) warhead.

The V-2 was propelled by a mixture of alcohol (ethanol) and water, combined with liquid oxygen. The turbo fuel pumps were propelled by hydrogen peroxide. The water-alcohol mixture was kept in a tank of aluminium to save weight, which put a high pressure on German war economy, as this metal was rare and valuable.

The fuel was pumped through the walls of the main burner, so that it would heat the mixture and at the same time cool the burner, so that it wouldn't melt from the heat. The fuel was then pumped into a main burner chamber through several nozzles, which assured the correct mixture of alcohol and oxygen at all times.

Some later V-2s used "guide beams" (i.e. radio signals transmitted from the ground), to navigate the missile toward its target, but the first models used a simple analog computer that would adjust the azimuth for the rocket, and the flying distance was controlled by the amount of fuel, so that when the fuel ran out "brennschluss", the rocket would stop accelerating and soon reach the top of the parabolic flight curve.

The painting of the operational V-2s was mostly a camouflage ragged pattern with several variations, but in the end of the war a plain olive green rocket also appeared. During tests, the rocket was painted in a characteristic black/white chessboard pattern which aided in determining if the rocket was spinning around its own longitudinal axis.<HR></BLOCKQUOTE>

More at http://www.constable.ca/v2.htm

And lots of other pages listed in this Google search result (http://www.google.com.au/search?hl=en&ie=UTF-8&q=v2+rocket+fuel&btnG=Google+Search&meta=)

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Salut
Tully

GreyBeast
09-21-2004, 08:35 AM
Thanks, everybody! That‚¬īs a lot of information, very useful indeed. And yes, Tully, I HAVE added google to my life.... years ago. http://ubbxforums.ubi.com/images/smiley/16x16_smiley-very-happy.gif